The Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART) Does Not Promote Mindlessness During Vigilance Performance
Abbreviated Journal Title
vigilance; SART; mental workload; mindlessness model; resource model; MRQ; oculometrics; gaze control; positive predictive power; negative; predictive power; MEMORY LOAD; FAILURES; MIND; MRQ; NO; Behavioral Sciences; Engineering, Industrial; Ergonomics; Psychology, ; Applied; Psychology
Objective In this study, we evaluated the validity of the Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART) as a means for promoting mindlessness in vigilance performance. Background Vigilance tasks typically require observers to respond to critical signals and to withhold responding to neutral events. The SART features the opposite response requirements, which supposedly leads it to promote a mindless, nonthoughtful approach to the vigilance task. To test that notion, we compared the SART to the traditional vigilance format (TVF) in terms of diagnostic accuracy assessed through decision theory measures of positive and negative predictive power (PPP and NPP), perceived mental workload indexed by the Multiple Resource Questionnaire, and oculomotor activity reflected in the Nearest Neighbor Index and fixation dwell times. Method Observers in TVF and SART conditions monitored a video display for collision flight paths in a simulated air traffic control task. Results Diagnostic accuracy in terms of NPP was high in both format conditions. While PPP was poorer in the SART than in the TVF, that result could be accounted for by a loss of motor control rather than a lack of mindfulness. Identical high levels of workload were generated by the TVF and SART tasks, and observers in both conditions showed similar dynamic scanning of the visual scene. Conclusion The data indicate that the SART is not an engine of mindlessness. Application The results challenge the widespread use of the SART to support a model in which mindlessness is considered to be the principal root of detection failures in vigilance.
"The Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART) Does Not Promote Mindlessness During Vigilance Performance" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5259.