Abbreviated Journal Title
OPTICAL-FIBERS; AMPLIFIERS; SELECTION; BEAM; Optics
Multi-core fibers (MCFs) with coupled-cores are attractive large-mode area (LMA) specialty fiber designs that support the propagation of a few transverse modes often called supermodes (SMs). Compared to other LMA fibers, the uniqueness of MCF arises from the higher degrees of design space offered by a multitude of core-array geometries, resulting in extended flexibility to tailor SM properties. To date, the use of MCF as gain media has focused on lasers that operate in only one selected SM, typically the lowest order in-phase SM, which considerably limited the potential of these multi-core structures. Here, we expand the potential of MCF lasers by investigating multi-SM amplification and lasing schemes. Amplifier and laser systems using a 7 coupled-cores Yb-doped MCF as gain medium were successfully designed and assembled. Individual SM could be decomposed using the correlation filter technique mode analysis and the modal amplification factors (gamma(i)) were recorded. With access to amplification characteristics of individual transverse modes, a monolithic MCF laser was demonstrated that operates simultaneously on the two SMs carrying the highest optical gain.
Jollivet, Clémence; Mafia, Arash; Flamm, Daniel; Duparré, Michael; Schuster, Kay; Grimm, Stephan; and Schülzgen, Axel, "Mode-resolved gain analysis and lasing in multi-supermode multi-core fiber laser" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5529.