Long-term outcome of once daily nasal irrigation for the treatment of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis
Abbreviated Journal Title
Nasal irrigation; outcome studies; saline irrigation; chronic; rhinosinusitis; DISEASE; SINUSITIS; SALINE; Medicine, Research & Experimental; Otorhinolaryngology
Objectives/Hypothesis Chronic rhinosinusitis(CRS) results in significant morbidity and health care expenditure. Safety and efficacy of nasal irrigation use in the treatment of pediatric CRS have been demonstrated, but long-term outcomes are unknown. We reviewed characteristics and treatment outcomes after 6 weeks of once daily nasal irrigation in pediatric CRS based on computed tomography (CT) scans, and summarized parental reports of subsequent use of nasal irrigation for recurring symptoms Study Design Retrospective cohort study and cross-sectional survey. Methods Review and survey of 144 pediatric CRS patients diagnosed between July 2003 and January 2012. Results One hundred four patients were reviewed. Mean age was 8.0 years, and 65.4% were male. Presenting symptoms included congestion (95.2%), cough (79.8%), rhinorrhea (60.6%), headache (48.1%), and fatigue (40.4%). Comorbidities included positive allergy test (50%), asthma (57.3%), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (28.2%). After 6 weeks, 57.7% of patients reported complete resolution of symptoms. Reductions in Lund-Mackay CT scores were 4.14 and 4.38 on the left and right sides, respectively (P < .001). Of the 54 parents who completed the prospective surveys, 53.7% reported using irrigation again in the past 12 months (median = 1, interquartile range = 3). Only nine patients underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) after the initial 6 weeks. Patients requiring FESS were, on average, 3.6 years older than those who did not receive FESS (P = 0.0005). Median length of follow-up was 48 months (range = 20-113). There were no significant differences in age, Lund-MacKay score changes, and symptom resolution proportions between those who completed the survey and those who did not. Conclusions Nasal irrigation is effective as a first-line treatment for pediatric CRS and subsequent nasal symptoms, and reduces the need for FESS and CT imaging. Level of Evidence 2b. Laryngoscope, 124:1000-1007, 2014
"Long-term outcome of once daily nasal irrigation for the treatment of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5953.