Lifestyle Strategies for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction
Abbreviated Journal Title
Curr. Atheroscleros. Rep.
Cardiovascular disease; Physical activity; Cigarette smoking; Weight; Cholesterol; Blood pressure; Lifestyle medicine; Primordial prevention; Ideal cardiovascular health; Diet; Adherence; Psychological factors; Blood glucose; AMERICAN-HEART-ASSOCIATION; IMPAIRED GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE; INSULIN-RESISTANCE; PRIMARY PREVENTION; BLOOD-PRESSURE; DISEASE; OBESITY; HEALTH; WOMEN; DIET; Peripheral Vascular Disease
Daily lifestyle practices and habits profoundly affect the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Abundant research and multiple recent consensus documents support the role of regular physical activity, not smoking cigarettes, maintaining a healthy body weight, controlling cholesterol levels, and controlling blood pressure to lower the risk of CVD. These strategies also play important roles in avoiding ever developing risk factors. Despite overwhelming knowledge in this area, adherence to lifestyle strategies remains suboptimal. Challenges remain in helping the public to act upon the current knowledge in this area. Recent guidelines for managing cholesterol and blood pressure provide new guidance in these areas. Controversy, however, exists related to specific recommendations in both of these areas. Similar strategies that are applied to adults for improving lifestyle habits and practices to lower CVD risk also apply to children and adolescents. A clear consensus exists that lifestyle strategies play a critical role in preventing, managing, and reducing cardiovascular disease and its risk factors.
Current Atherosclerosis Reports
"Lifestyle Strategies for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 6003.