E. H. Robinson; J. R. Stout; A. A. Miramonti; D. H. Fukuda; R. Wang; J. R. Townsend; G. T. Mangine; M. S. Fragala;J. R. Hoffman


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Abbreviated Journal Title

J. Int. Soc. Sport Nutr.


High-intensity interval training; beta-Hydroxy-beta-Methylbutyric free; acid; Aerobic; Endurance; VO(2)peak; Respiratory compensation point; Ventilatory threshold; HUMAN SKELETAL-MUSCLE; GAS-EXCHANGE; VENTILATORY THRESHOLD; ANAEROBIC; THRESHOLD; BODY-COMPOSITION; HMB SUPPLEMENTATION; PROTEIN-METABOLISM; EXERCISE; PERFORMANCE; LEUCINE; Nutrition & Dietetics; Sport Sciences


Background: Previous research combining Calcium beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (CaHMB) and running high-intensity interval training (HIIT) have shown positive effects on aerobic performance measures. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyric free acid (HMBFA) and cycle ergometry HIIT on maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2)peak), ventilatory threshold (VT), respiratory compensation point (RCP) and time to exhaustion (T-max) in college-aged men and women. Methods: Thirty-four healthy men and women (Age: 22.7 +/- 3.1 yrs; VO(2)peak: 39.3 +/- 5.0 ml center dot kg(-1)center dot min(-1)) volunteered to participate in this double-blind, placebo-controlled design study. All participants completed a series of tests prior to and following treatment. A peak oxygen consumption test was performed on a cycle ergometer to assess VO(2)peak, Tmax, VT, and RCP. Twenty-six participants were randomly assigned into either a placebo (PLA-HIIT) or 3 g per day of HMBFA (BetaTor (TM) ) (HMBFA-HIIT) group. Eight participants served as controls (CTL). Participants in the HIIT groups completed 12 HIIT (80-120% maximal workload) exercise sessions consisting of 5-6 bouts of a 2: 1 minute cycling work to rest ratio protocol over a four-week period. Body composition was measured with dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Outcomes were assessed by ANCOVA with posttest means adjusted for pretest differences. Results: The HMBFA-HIIT intervention showed significant (p < 0.05) gains in VO(2)peak, and VT, versus the CTL and PLA-HIIT group. Both PLA-HIIT and HMBFA-HIIT treatment groups demonstrated significant (p < 0.05) improvement over CTL for Tmax, and RCP with no significant difference between the treatment groups. There were no significant differences observed for any measures of body composition. An independent-samples t-test confirmed that there were no significant differences between the training volumes for the PLA-HIIT and HMBFA-HIIT groups. Conclusions: Our findings support the use of HIIT in combination with HMBFA to improve aerobic fitness in college age men and women. These data suggest that the addition of HMBFA supplementation may result in greater changes in VO(2)peak and VT than HIIT alone.

Journal Title

Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition



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