Measuring Cognition in Teams: A Cross-Domain Review
Abbreviated Journal Title
team cognition; measurement; mental models; transactive memory; situation awareness; strategic consensus; SHARED MENTAL MODELS; TRANSACTIVE MEMORY-SYSTEMS; TRAINING; NEEDS-ASSESSMENT; LATENT SEMANTIC ANALYSIS; SITUATION AWARENESS; SOFTWARE-DEVELOPMENT; IMPLICIT COORDINATION; GROUP-PERFORMANCE; DECISION-MAKING; KNOWLEDGE; Behavioral Sciences; Engineering, Industrial; Ergonomics; Psychology, ; Applied; Psychology
Objective: The purpose of this article is twofold: to provide a critical cross-domain evaluation of team cognition measurement options and to provide novice researchers with practical guidance when selecting a measurement method. Background: A vast selection of measurement approaches exist for measuring team cognition constructs including team mental models, transactive memory systems, team situation awareness, strategic consensus, and cognitive processes. Methods: Empirical studies and theoretical articles were reviewed to identify all of the existing approaches for measuring team cognition. These approaches were evaluated based on theoretical perspective assumed, constructs studied, resources required, level of obtrusiveness, internal consistency reliability, and predictive validity. Results: The evaluations suggest that all existing methods are viable options from the point of view of reliability and validity, and that there are potential opportunities for cross-domain use. For example, methods traditionally used only to measure mental models may be useful for examining transactive memory and situation awareness. The selection of team cognition measures requires researchers to answer several key questions regarding the theoretical nature of team cognition and the practical feasibility of each method. Conclusions: We provide novice researchers with guidance regarding how to begin the search for a team cognition measure and suggest several new ideas regarding future measurement research. Applications: We provide (1) a broad overview and evaluation of existing team cognition measurement methods, (2) suggestions for new uses of those methods across research domains, and (3) critical guidance for novice researchers looking to measure team cognition.
"Measuring Cognition in Teams: A Cross-Domain Review" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 6283.