Remote Sensing for Monitoring Surface Water Quality Status and Ecosystem State in Relation to the Nutrient Cycle: A 40-Year Perspective
Abbreviated Journal Title
Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol.
remote sensing; water quality management; nutrient management; sustainable management; DISSOLVED ORGANIC-CARBON; SUSPENDED SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION; CHLOROPHYLL-A CONCENTRATIONS; INHERENT OPTICAL-PROPERTIES; PHYTOPLANKTON; COMMUNITY STRUCTURE; LANDSAT TM DATA; IN-SITU DATA; OCEAN COLOR; SATELLITE IMAGERY; NEURAL-NETWORK; Environmental Sciences
Delineating accurate nutrient fluxes and distributions in multimedia environments requires the integration of vast amounts of information. Such nutrient flows may be related to atmospheric deposition, agricultural runoff, and urbanization effect on surface and groundwater systems. Two types of significant undertakings for nutrient management have been in place for sustainable development. While many environmental engineering technologies for nutrient removal have been developed to secure tap water sources and improve the drinking water quality, various watershed management strategies for eutrophication control are moving to highlight the acute need for monitoring the dynamics and complexities that arise from nutrient impacts on water quality status and ecosystem state, both spatially and temporally. These monitoring methods and data are associated with local point measurements, air-borne remote sensing, and space-borne satellite images of spatiotemporal nutrient distributions leading to the generation of accurate environmental patterns. Within this context, several key water quality constituents, including total nitrogen, total phosphorus, chlorophyll-a concentration, colored dissolved organic matter (dissolved organic carbon or total organic carbon), harmful algal blooms (e.g., cyanobacterial toxins or microcystin concentrations), and descriptors of ecosystem states, such as total suspended sediment (or turbidity), transparency (e.g., Secchi disk depth), and temperature, will be of major concern. Considering the advancements, challenges, and accomplishments related to remote sensing technologies in the past four decades, we present a thorough literature review of contemporary state-of-the-art technologies of remote sensing platforms and sensors that may be employed to support essential scientific missions, and provide an in-depth discussion and new insight into various inversion methods (or models) to improve the estimation accuracy. In this study, the spectrum of these remote sensing technologies and models is first divided into groups based on chronological order associated with different platforms and sensors, although some of them may be subject to mission-oriented arrangements. Case-based and location-based studies were cited, organized, and summarized to further elucidate tracks of application potential that support future, forward-looking, cost-effective, and risk-informed nutrient management plans. The comprehensive reviews presented here should echo real-world observational evidence by using integrated sensing, monitoring, and modeling techniques to improve environmental management, policy analysis, and decision making.
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
"Remote Sensing for Monitoring Surface Water Quality Status and Ecosystem State in Relation to the Nutrient Cycle: A 40-Year Perspective" (2015). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 6458.