A photosensitive surface capable of inducing electrophysiological changes in NG108-15 neurons
Abbreviated Journal Title
Current clamp; Neuronal stimulation; Retinal prosthetic; Self-assembled; monolayer (SAM); Voltage clamp; SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS; RETINAL PROSTHESES; ELECTROCHEMICAL; CHARACTERIZATION; ELECTRON-TRANSFER; DYE; INTERFACE; CELLS; WETTABILITY; AU(111); SAFETY; Engineering, Biomedical; Materials Science, Biomaterials
Retinal prostheses promise to be a viable therapy for many forms of blindness. Direct stimulation of neurons using an organic light-sensitive, self-assembled monolayer surface offers a simple alternative to conventional semiconductor technology. For this purpose we have derivatized an indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate with the photosensitive dye, NK5962, using 3-(aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane (APTMS) as cross-linker. The surface was characterized through contact angle goniometry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, grazing angle infrared and ultraviolet visible spectrophotometry. NG108-15 neurons were grown on the ITO-APTMS-NK5962 surface and neural responses from electrical stimulation vs. photostimulation through the ITO-APTMS-NK5962 surface were measured using patch clamp electrophysiology. Under these conditions, photostimulation of depolarized cells caused an approximate 2-fold increase in voltage-gated sodium (Na+) current amplitude at a membrane potential of -30 mV. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of stimulating neurons, grown on light-sensitive surfaces, with light impulses, which ultimately may facilitate the fabrication of a simple, passive retinal prosthetic. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of Acta Materialia Inc.
"A photosensitive surface capable of inducing electrophysiological changes in NG108-15 neurons" (2015). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 6582.