Subtypes of anhedonia and facial electromyography response to negative affective pictures in non-psychiatric adults
Abbreviated Journal Title
expression; electromyography; anhedonia; facial; emotion; SOCIAL ANHEDONIA; SEX-DIFFERENCES; SCHIZOPHRENIA; SCHIZOTYPY; SCALE; METAANALYSIS; VALIDATION; EXPERIENCE; PLEASURE; STIMULI; Psychiatry
Introduction. Flat/constricted affect and anhedonia are symptoms found in several psychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. However, there are very few studies on the relationships between specific anhedonia subtypes and objectively assessed flat affect, and it appears that none of the existing studies examined potential moderation by sex. Methods. Forty-seven undergraduate students (60% male) completed self-report questionnaires assessing three subtypes of anhedonia - non-social consummatory (CON) and anticipatory (ANT) anhedonia, and overall social anhedonia. Participants viewed 15 pictures (5 neutral and 10 negative) from the International Affective Picture System, whereas facial muscle reaction was recorded using electromyography (EMG). Results. Male participants reporting a greater level of overall social or non-social CON anhedonia showed a greater EMG activity increase in the corrugator supercilii muscle to negative (vs. neutral) pictures. In females, the relationship was only found with social anhedonia and was opposite in direction, as increased social anhedonia related to less EMG activity change in the corrugator muscle. Conclusions. The relationship between anhedonia and flat affect varied as a function of sex and anhedonia subtype. These findings may help explain discrepancies in the sparse existing literature examining this relationship in psychiatric populations and have implications for assessment and treatment of these symptoms across psychiatric disorders.
"Subtypes of anhedonia and facial electromyography response to negative affective pictures in non-psychiatric adults" (2015). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 6610.