Experimental study of unsteady wake effect on a film-cooled pitchwise-curved surface



S. Mahadevan; B. F. Kutlu; M. J. Golsen; S. B. Verma;J. S. Kapat


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Abbreviated Journal Title

Int. J. Heat Mass Transf.


Unsteady passing wake; Wall-normal wake rod; Film cooling effectiveness; Heat transfer augmentation; Pitchwise-curved surface; Jet lift-off; Jet-to-jet interaction; GAS-TURBINE BLADE; HEAT-TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS; SINGLE ROUND HOLE; COOLING PERFORMANCE; DENSITY RATIO; CROSS-FLOW; EFFECTIVENESS; DISTRIBUTIONS; STREAMWISE INJECTION; CYLINDRICAL HOLES; BOUNDARY-LAYER; Thermodynamics; Engineering, Mechanical; Mechanics


Unsteady wake interactions with the near wall flow field occur when a surface is exposed to fluid flow past upstream rotating bodies. In the case of gas turbines, understanding such interactions are essential to better design cooling schemes on endwalls. In view of this, an experimental study has been conducted to determine the heat transfer coefficient and film cooling effectiveness on a pitchwise-curved surface which is subjected to unsteady passing wakes generated using a wake rod in a wall-normal orientation. The mainstream Mach number was maintained approximately constant at 0.03. A single row of cylindrical film holes with pitch to diameter ratio of 3 and inclined at 35 degrees to the test surface are used for discrete film injection. The coolant to mainstream mass flux ratio (M) is varied between 0.25 and 1. A spoke-wheel type wake generator is used to produce unsteady wakes at two wake Strouhal numbers (S = 0.15, 0.3). Measurements are made for (i) steady mainstream flow (S = 0) which serves as a baseline case, (ii) mainstream flow with unsteady wakes, (iii) steady mainstream flow with film injection (iv) both (ii) and (iii) combined. The unsteady passing wakes mitigated jet lift-off at high coolant to mainstream momentum flux ratios. The maximum increase in film effectiveness was measured to be congruent to 16.35% at the jet centerline for M = 0.75, S = 0.3 at x/D = 2. At high coolant to mainstream mass flux ratios, a combination of increasing film jet turbulence and strong interaction with the mainstream, deteriorates film cooling effectiveness but increases the heat transfer coefficient. Heat transfer augmentation increased by congruent to 7.6% for the highest wake passing frequency (S = 0.3) without film injection. A combination of unsteady passing wakes and film injection resulted in a maximum pitch-averaged and centerline heat transfer augmentation of congruent to 28% and 31.7% respectively. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Journal Title

International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer



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