A hazard-based duration model for analyzing crossing behavior of cyclists and electric bike riders at signalized intersections
Abbreviated Journal Title
Accid. Anal. Prev.
Cyclist; Electric bike; Red-light running; Waiting time; Hazard-based; duration model; Intersection; LIGHT RUNNING BEHAVIOR; PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS; INCIDENT DURATION; SAFETY; CHINA; RISK; INJURY; Ergonomics; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; Social; Sciences, Interdisciplinary; Transportation
This paper presents a hazard-based duration approach to investigate riders' waiting times, violation hazards, associated risk factors, and their differences between cyclists and electric bike riders at signalized intersections. A total of 2322 two-wheeled riders approaching the intersections during red light periods were observed in Beijing, China. The data were classified into censored and uncensored data to distinguish between safe crossing and red-light running behavior. The results indicated that the red-light crossing behavior of most riders was dependent on waiting time. They were inclined to terminate waiting behavior and run against the traffic light with the increase of waiting duration. Over half of the observed riders cannot endure 49s or longer. 25% of the riders can endure 97 s or longer. Rider type, gender, waiting position, conformity tendency and crossing traffic volume were identified to have significant effects on riders' waiting times and violation hazards. Electric bike riders were found to be more sensitive to the external risk factors such as other riders' crossing behavior and crossing traffic volume than cyclists. Moreover, unobserved heterogeneity was examined in the proposed models. The finding of this paper can explain when and why cyclists and electric bike riders run against the red light at intersections. The results of this paper are useful for traffic design and management agencies to implement strategies to enhance the safety of riders. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Accident Analysis and Prevention
"A hazard-based duration model for analyzing crossing behavior of cyclists and electric bike riders at signalized intersections" (2015). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 6891.