Abbreviated Journal Title
Appl. Phys. Lett.
capillarity; drops; THERMAL-GRADIENTS; SURFACES; Physics, Applied
In the thermocapillary migration of droplets on the free surface of immiscible liquids, we observe that the lens-shaped drops move from warm toward cooler regions while spherical drops move in the opposite direction. We explain this dual behavior using an analysis of surface deformation and velocity profiles of thin liquid layers subject to a lateral thermal gradient. Liquid platforms allow thermocapillary transport of drops with higher migration speeds than solid substrates and lower internal temperature fluctuation. Such conditions may be exploited in biochemical microsystems where droplet evaporation, contamination, and surface pinning need to be avoided.
Applied Physics Letters
Yakhshi-Tafti, Ehsan; Cho, Hyoung J.; and Kumar, Ranganathan, "Droplet actuation on a liquid layer due to thermocapillary motion: Shape effect" (2010). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 962.