Thomas Lorraine McKenney was the second superintendent of Indian Trade and later the first director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Born March 21, 1785, in Somerset County, Maryland, he was twenty-four when he moved to Washington, D.C., and opened a dry-goods establishment in Georgetown. McKenney’s friends— some of the most powerful men in government— included John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, and Secretary of State James Monroe. These contacts helped him receive the appointment in 1816 as superintendent in the Office of Indian Trade.
Bowers, Shirley H.
""Captured on Canvas": McKenney-Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 71:
3, Article 7.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol71/iss3/7