Nonpharmacological interventions for the management of procedural pain in the neonate
This review of literature was conducted to evaluate research on the efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions for use with neonates undergoing minimally invasive skin-breaking procedures. This review primarily focuses on the use of nonnutritive sucking, sweet solutions (such as sucrose, dextrose, etc.), and the synergistic effects of combining these therapies. Research reviewed was limited to peer-reviewed studies written in the English language that evaluated the use of nonnutritive sucking and/or sweet solutions as pain management interventions for neonates (aged 0-1 month) undergoing heel lance or venipuncture. The findings of the studies reviewed support the effiaccy of nonnutritive sucking and the administration of sweet solutions as independent interventions for neonatal pain management, and addditionally indicate that employing these interventions together offers significant synergistic analgesic effects. Further research is required to account for the effects of gestational age and blood-collection method (instrument used) on infant pain. Future studies that focus on the multimodal use of various non-pharmacologic therapies to achieve maximal possible synergistic analgesic effects are indicated. The combined use of nonnutritive sucking and sweet solutions is a simple, inexpensive, effective intervention for managing procedural pain in infants, and nurses should advocate for standardization of this intervention in clinical practice.
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Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.)
College of Nursing
Dissertations, Academic -- Nursing;Nursing -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Braddock, Kaylee, "Nonpharmacological interventions for the management of procedural pain in the neonate" (2010). HIM 1990-2015. 1070.