How do women differ from men in recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery
Research during the past decade suggests that women are less likely to be treated with coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS) and also have less favorable outcomes after CABS, including greater morbidity and mortality rates. This combination of factors leads to the question: How do women differ from men in recovery from CABS? The purpose of this research paper was to examine and identify gender differences related to recovery after CABS. This was accomplished by an examination of selected research studies recently published in nursing and health related literature. Gender differences were reported in the areas of pre-operative characteristics, recognition and treatment recommendations, and post-operative recovery, including physical, psychosocial, and rehabilitative aspects. Some of these differences included: delayed recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of coronary artery disease in women, breast discomfort in women, and a lower rate of referral and participation of women in cardiac rehabilitation programs following CABS. Implications for nursing practice focus on the need to educate women in the in areas of cardiovascular risks and symptoms of cardiovascular compromise, empower them to seek treatment when indicated, and encourage their participation in cardiac rehabilitation programs. These findings also indicate the need for educating all members of the health team regarding possible gender bias in cardiac assessment and treatment. Further research in identifying women's particular needs and ways to improve the diagnosis and treatment of women undergoing CABS is recommended.
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Smith, Frances B.
Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.)
College of Health and Public Affairs
Dissertations, Academic -- Health and Public Affairs;Health and Public Affairs -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Sandborn Spiess, Frances Ann, "How do women differ from men in recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery" (1998). HIM 1990-2015. 124.