Although they are two very similar net immigration countries, Australia and the US took very different approaches to immigration policy adoption and implementation and to immigration control, in the last two decades of the 20th century. The literature explains these different approaches by invoking the influence of interest groups, human rights initiatives and the reaction of state institutions to public pressure. This paper proposes an alternative explanation for the difference in immigration policy and control: crisis. Crisis, or a sense thereof, is what leads the population to mobilize and to put pressure on the government for more efficient policies and stricter immigration controls. The historical analysis of major immigration policies passed in Australia and the United States in the 1800s and 1990s, reveals that, indeed, wars, social pressures, internal conflicts, and, indeed, a generalized sense of crisis was key to major changes in immigration policy in both countries.
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Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
College of Sciences
Dissertations, Academic -- Sciences;Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Corvino, Nicholas, "Immigration policies in times of crisis a comparative study of the united states and australia" (2012). HIM 1990-2015. 1348.