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Leadership often takes several styles to be successful. Especially, when adapting to circumstances, when a single theory can be insufficient to obtain the desired result from your subordinates. The most important question that needs to be asked and answered is; how much direct influence is required to achieve the goal? For example, when an organization is functioning like a well-oiled machine, a more empowering style may be the most effective way to motivate the employees. While other circumstances such as a crisis or significant change within the organization may require a more directive approach. Thus, we will provide you with four styles of leadership to achieve the highest possible employee performance that are not traditional foundation theories of content or process. We will take you through transactional and transformational leadership, look at emotional intelligence and finish with contingency theory.
Ritchie, Jen, "Part 2: Content Theories of Motivation" (2018). Motivation 101: A Guide for Public Servants. 2.