Municipal Solid Waste In Situ Moisture Content Measurement Using An Electrical Resistance Sensor
Moisture content (MC) is a crucial parameter for degradation of solid waste in landfills. Present MC measurement techniques suffer from several drawbacks. A moisture sensor for measurement of in situ moisture content of solid waste in landfills was developed. The sensor measures the electrical resistance across the granular matrix of the sensor, which in turn can be correlated to moisture content. The sensor was also equipped with a thermocouple and tubing that permits simultaneous measurement of temperature and gas sampling . The electrical conductivity of the surrounding moisture and the temperature in the matrix both affect the resistance measurements. This paper describes the results of laboratory experiments designed to select the appropriate granular media particle size, measure the influence of moisture electrical conductivity and temperature, and develop calibration relationships between measured resistance and gravimetrically determined moisture content. With a few limitations, the sensor is able to detect MC of solid waste under conditions allowing moisture movement into the sensor. The application of this technique shows promise for use in bioreactor landfills where high moisture contents are expected and desired. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Gawande, Nitin A.; Reinhart, Debra R.; and Thomas, Philip A., "Municipal Solid Waste In Situ Moisture Content Measurement Using An Electrical Resistance Sensor" (2003). Scopus Export 2000s. 2153.