Schizotypal Personality Disorder Or Prodromal Symptoms Of Schizophrenia?
At-risk; Discriminant validity; Prodromal; Schizophrenia; Schizotypal
Schizotypal personality disorder shares some attenuated phenotypic features with schizophrenia, but represents an independent syndrome. In contrast, prodromal symptoms of schizophrenia represent early warning signs of the impending onset of schizophrenia. Although these constructs are intended to reflect independent syndromes, self-report instruments measuring these constructs assess similar symptoms. It does not appear that existing research has examined the relative discriminant validity of screening instruments for these syndromes. A sample of 998 young adults (68% female; 73% Caucasian), within the age of risk for schizophrenia (ages 18-34; mean 20.4 ± 2.2), met validity criteria after completing online versions of the Abbreviated Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ-B) and the 24-item Abbreviated Youth Psychosis at Risk Questionnaire (Y-PARQ-B). Based on clinical cut-off scores used in previous research, 5.2% were [only] considered at heightened risk for psychosis (potentially prodromal), 3.4% had [only] schizotypal personality features, and 2.9% met criteria for both constructs (75% of individuals meeting cutoff for one measure did not meet criteria for the other). Males and younger participants scored significantly higher on both measures. The total scores from the SPQ-B and Y-PARQ-B showed a significant positive correlation (rs = .66, p < .001, R2 = .43); however, 57% of the variance was not shared between the measures. Of the three SPQ-B subscales, Cognitive-Perceptual showed the strongest correlation with Y-PARQ-B. Results suggest that the SPQ-B and Y-PARQ-B have moderate discriminate validity between the overlapping, yet distinct, constructs of schizotypal personality and heightened risk of developing psychosis (potentially prodromal). © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Bedwell, Jeffrey S. and Donnelly, Reesa S., "Schizotypal Personality Disorder Or Prodromal Symptoms Of Schizophrenia?" (2005). Scopus Export 2000s. 3073.