Title

Polyamine Transport as a Target for Treatment of Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Authors

Authors

C. P. Liao; O. Phanstiel; M. E. Lasbury; C. Zhang; S. J. Shao; P. J. Durant; B. H. Cheng;C. H. Lee

Abbreviated Journal Title

Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.

Keywords

DL-ALPHA-DIFLUOROMETHYLORNITHINE; ACQUIRED-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-SYNDROME; CARINII PNEUMONIA; RAT MODEL; MOLECULAR REQUIREMENTS; EFLORNITHINE; TREATMENT; BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; INHIBITOR; COMBINATION; Microbiology; Pharmacology & Pharmacy

Abstract

Polyamine levels are greatly increased in alveolar macrophages (AMs) during Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), leading to increased production of H(2)O(2), which causes AMs to undergo apoptosis. One of the mechanisms by which polyamine levels in AMs are elevated is enhanced uptake of exogenous polyamines. In this study, the possibility of targeting polyamine uptake as a treatment for PCP was examined. Four anthracene- and one benzene-polyamine conjugates that are potential polyamine transport inhibitors, including N1-anthracen-9-ylmethylbutane-1,4-diamine; N-(4-aminobutyl)-N-anthracen-9-ylmethylbutane-1,4-diamine; N-[4-(4-aminobutylamino)butyl]-N-anthracen-9-ylmethylbutane-1,4- diamine; N-(4-amino-butyl)-N'-(10-{[4-(4-aminobutylamino)butylamino]-methyl}anthracen-9-ylmethyl)butane-1,4-diamine (44-Ant-44); and benzene-polyamine conjugate N-(4-amino-butyl)-N'-(4-{[4-(4-amino-butylamino)butylamino]-methyl} benzyl)butane-1,4-diamine (44Bn-44), were tested. Compounds 44-Ant-44 and 44-Bn-44 were found to have a very low toxicity to AMs in vitro and were evaluated for their therapeutic effect on PCP in vivo. Sprague-Dawley rats infected with P. carinii for 28 days were intranasally instilled with 50 mu l of a 1 mM solution of 44-Bn-44 or 44-Ant-44 every 2 days. Twenty-one days after initiation of the treatment, three to five rats from each group were sacrificed and examined for lung pathology, organism burden, and apoptosis of AMs. Both 44-Bn-44 and 44-Ant-44 reduced organism burdens; however, only 44-Ant-44 decreased the severity of the infection with reduced lung inflammation, increased clearance of exudates, increased air space, and decreased apoptosis of AMs. 44-Ant-44 also significantly prolonged the survival of treated animals. These results suggest that polyamine uptake is a potential target for treatment of PCP.

Journal Title

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Volume

53

Issue/Number

12

Publication Date

1-1-2009

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

5259

Last Page

5264

WOS Identifier

WOS:000271834400043

ISSN

0066-4804

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