Droplet and bubble dynamics in saturated FC-72 spray cooling on a smooth surface
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Heat Transf.-Trans. ASME
spray cooling; cooling; spray; bubbles; droplets; BOILING HEAT-TRANSFER; MICROLAYER; BEHAVIOR; FLUX; Thermodynamics; Engineering, Mechanical
Droplet and bubble dynamics and nucleate heat transfer in saturated FC-72 spray cooling were studied using a simulation model. The spray cooling system simulated consists of three droplet fluxes impinging on a smooth heater, where secondary nuclei outnumber the surface nuclei. Using the experimentally observed bubble growth rate on a smooth diamond heater, submodels were assumed based on physical reasoning for the number of secondary nuclei entrained by the impinging droplets, bubble puncturing by the impaging droplets, bubble merging, and the spatila distribution of secondary nuclei. The predicted nuleate heat transfer was in agreement with experimental findings. Dynamic aspects of the droplets and bubbles, which had been difficult to obeserve experiemntally, and their ability in enchancing nucleate heat transfer were then discussed based on the results of the simulation. These aspects inlucde bubble merging, bubble puncruring by impinging droplets, secondary nucleation, bubble size distribution, and bubble diameter at puncture. Simply increasing the numer of secondary nuclei s not as effective in enhancing nucleat heat transfer as when it is also combined with increased bubble puncturing frequency by the impinging droplets. For heat transfer enhancement, it is desirable to have as many small bubbles and as high a bubble density as possible.
Journal of Heat Transfer-Transactions of the Asme
"Droplet and bubble dynamics in saturated FC-72 spray cooling on a smooth surface" (2008). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 212.