Mineral dynamics in Spanish moss, Tillandsia usneoides L. (Bromeliaceae), from Central Florida, USA
Abbreviated Journal Title
Sci. Total Environ.
aerosol; Central Florida; epiphyte; land use change; phorophyte; plant; nutrition; Spanish moss; TRACE-ELEMENTS; PRECIPITATION; CONSTITUENTS; DEPOSITION; QUALITY; MERCURY; METALS; PLANTS; SOILS; Environmental Sciences
Epiphytes absorb water and nutrients from the atmosphere through precipitation and dry deposition and from their hosts through stemflow and throughfall. These commensals have been used as biological indicators or monitors of air quality. To measure temporal changes in Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides) mineral concentrations, we revisited sites in Central Florida where this epiphyte was collected and analyzed in 1973/1974. After 24-25 years, using comparable methods, concentrations of Ca, Mg, K and Cu decreased in the tissue samples while Fe increased. These declines in base cations corresponded to global atmospheric decreases. In the earlier study, patterns of elemental concentrations in Spanish moss corresponded to the host tree categories primarily reflecting a P gradient that increased from pine (Pinus spp.) to cypress (Taxodium spp.) to hardwood (e.g. Quercus spp.) hosts. Such host-specific associations were mostly absent from the recent study, suggesting that epiphytic preferences based on the chemistry of phorophyte leachates have become less important in this region, perhaps, resulting from local (suburbanization) or regional (atmospheric composition) changes. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Science of the Total Environment
"Mineral dynamics in Spanish moss, Tillandsia usneoides L. (Bromeliaceae), from Central Florida, USA" (2004). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 4449.