Transplanted embryonic stem cells following mouse myocardial infarction inhibit apoptosis and cardiac remodeling
Abbreviated Journal Title
Am. J. Physiol.-Heart Circul. Physiol.
cardiomyocytes; cell therapy; fibrosis; TIMP-1; HEART-FAILURE; OXIDATIVE STRESS; GENE-EXPRESSION; GROWTH-FACTORS; MYOCYTE DEATH; DIFFERENTIATION; REGENERATION; MATRIX; OVEREXPRESSION; ENHANCEMENT; Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems; Physiology; Peripheral Vascular; Disease
We have previously shown that mouse embryonic stem ( ES) cells transplanted following myocardial infarction ( MI) differentiate into the major cell types in the heart and improve cardiac function. However, the extent of regeneration was relatively meager compared with the observed functional improvement. Therefore, we hypothesize that mechanisms in addition to regeneration contribute to the functional improvement from ES cell therapy. In this study, we examined the effect of mouse ES cells transplanted post-MI on cardiac apoptosis, fibrosis, and hypertrophy. MI was produced by left coronary artery ligation in C57BL/ 6 mice. Two different mouse ES cell lines, expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein and beta-galactosidase, respectively, were tested. Post-MI intramyocardial injection of 3 x 10(4) ES cells was compared with injection of medium alone. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl nick end labeling ( TUNEL), immunofluorescence, and histology were used to examine the effect of transplanted ES cells on apoptosis, fibrosis, and hypertrophy. Two weeks post-MI, ES cell-transplanted hearts exhibited a significant decrease in TUNEL-stained nuclei ( mean +/- SE; MI + medium = 12 +/- 1.5%; MI +/- ES cells = 6.6 +/- 1%, P < 0.05). TUNEL-positive nuclei were confirmed to be apoptotic by colabeling with a caspase-3 antibody. Cardiac fibrosis was 57% less in the MI + ES cell group compared with the MI + medium group ( P < 0.05) as shown with Masson's trichrome staining. Picrosirius red staining confirmed a decreased amount of collagen present in the MI + ES cell group. Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was significantly decreased following ES cell transplantation compared with medium control animals. In conclusion, transplanted mouse ES cells in the infarcted heart inhibit apoptosis, fibrosis, and hypertrophy, thereby reducing adverse remodeling.
American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology
"Transplanted embryonic stem cells following mouse myocardial infarction inhibit apoptosis and cardiac remodeling" (2007). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 7661.