Assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC): Complementary measurements
Abbreviated Journal Title
assimilable organic carbon (AOC); biodegradable dissolved organic carbon; (BDOC); biostability; membrane filtration; NANOFILTRATION MEMBRANES; DRINKING-WATER; MATTER; SYSTEM; OZONE; NF; Engineering, Environmental; Environmental Sciences; Water Resources
The objective of this study was to evaluate the necessity of measuring both assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) as indicators of bacterial regrowth potential. AOC and BDOC have often been measured separately as indicators of bacterial regrowth, or together as indicators of bacterial regrowth and disinfection by-product formation potential, respectively. However, this study proposes that both AOC and BDOC should be used as complementary measurements of bacterial regrowth potential. In monitoring of full-scale membrane filtration, it was determined that nanofiltration (NF) removed over 90% of the BDOC while allowing the majority of the AOC through. Heterotrophic plate counts (HPC) remained low during the entire period of monitoring due to high additions of disinfectant residual. In a two-year monitoring of a water treatment plant that switched its treatment process from chlorination to chlorination and ozonation, it was observed that the plant effluent AOC increased by 127% while BDOC increased by 49% after the introduction of ozone. Even though AOC is a fraction of BDOC, measuring only one of these parameters can potentially under- or over-estimate the bacterial regrowth potential of the water. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
"Assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC): Complementary measurements" (2001). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 7990.