Single-photon Mach-Zehnder interferometer for quantum networks based on the single-photon Faraday effect
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Appl. Phys.
CRYSTAL SLABS; SEMICONDUCTORS; Physics, Applied
Combining the recent progress in semiconductor nanostructures along with the versatility of photonic crystals in confining and manipulating light, quantum networks allow for the prospect of an integrated and low power quantum technology. Within quantum networks, which consist of a system of waveguides and nanocavities with embedded quantum dots, it has been demonstrated in theory that many-qubit states stored in electron spins could be teleported from one quantum dot to another via a single photon using the single-photon Faraday effect. However, in addition to being able to transfer quantum information from one location to another, quantum networks need added functionality such as (1) controlling the flow of the quantum information and (2) performing specific operations on qubits that can be easily integrated. In this paper, we show how a single-photon Mach-Zehnder interferometer (SMZI), that uses the concept of the single-photon Faraday effect to manipulate the polarization of a single photon, can be operated both as a switch to control the flow of quantum information inside the quantum network and as various single-qubit quantum gates to perform operations on a single photon. Given that the X gate, the Z gate, and the XZ gate are essential for the implementation of quantum teleportation, we show explicitly their implementation by means of our proposed SMZI. We also present the implementation of the Hadamard gate and the single-qubit phase gate, which are needed to complete the universal set of quantum gates for integrated quantum computing in a quantum network. Finally, the expected fidelity and robustness of the proposed SMZI are quantitatively explored by considering the phase errors within the SMZI. (C) 2008 American Institute of Physics.
Journal of Applied Physics
"Single-photon Mach-Zehnder interferometer for quantum networks based on the single-photon Faraday effect" (2008). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 956.