In Vivo Targeting of Inflammation-Associated Myeloid-Related Protein 8/14 Via Gadolinium Immunonanoparticles
Abbreviated Journal Title
Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.
atherosclerosis; imaging agents; macrophages; magnetic resonance imaging; SCAVENGER RECEPTOR CD36; MACROPHAGE FOAM CELL; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS; APOPTOTIC CELLS; VASCULAR INJURY; PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE LIPOSOMES; OXIDIZED; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; CARDIOVASCULAR EVENTS; BIOLOGICAL RESPONSE; INTEGRIN; MAC-1; Hematology; Peripheral Vascular Disease
Objective-Myeloid-related protein (Mrp) 8/14 complex (is a highly expressed extracellularly secreted protein, implicated in atherosclerosis. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of targeting Mrp in vivo through synthetic immuno-nanoprobes. Methods and Results-Anti-Mrp-14 and nonspecific IgG-conjugated gadolinium nanoprobes (aMrp-) were synthesized and characterized. Pharmacokinetics and vascular targeting via MRI of the formulations were assessed in vivo in high fat-fed apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE(-/-)), ApoE(-/-)/Mrp14(-/-) (double knockout) and chow-fed wild-type (C57BL/6) mice. Bone marrow-derived myeloid progenitor cells were isolated from both ApoE(-/-) and double knockout mice, differentiated to macrophages, and were treated with LPS, with or without Mrp8, Mrp14, or Mrp8/14; conditioned media was used for in vitro studies. Mrp-activated cells secreted significant amounts of proinflammatory cytokines, which was abolished by pretreatment with aMrp-NP. We show in vitro that aMrp-NP binds endothelial cells previously treated with conditioned media containing Mrp8/14. MRI following intravenous delivery of aMrp-NP revealed prolonged and substantial delineation of plaque in ApoE(-/-) but not double knockout or wild-type animals. Nonspecific IgG-conjugated gadolinium nanoprobe-injected animals in all groups did not show vessel wall enhancement. Flow-cytometric analysis of aortic digesta revealed that aMrp-NP present in Ly-6G (1), CD11b (1), CD11c (1), and CD31 (1) cells in ApoE(-/-) but not in double knockout animals. Conclusion-Targeted imaging with aMrp-NP demonstrates enhancement of plaque with binding to inflammatory cells and reduction in inflammation. This strategy has promise as a theranostic approach for atherosclerosis. (Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012; 32: 962-970.)
Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology
"In Vivo Targeting of Inflammation-Associated Myeloid-Related Protein 8/14 Via Gadolinium Immunonanoparticles" (2012). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 2991.