Social Disorganization and Unfounded Sexual Assault Case Clearances
Abbreviated Journal Title
police; criminal investigations; collective efficacy; sexual assault; social disorganization; CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS; FALSE ALLEGATIONS; CRIME CLEARANCE; RAPE; MULTILEVEL; DISADVANTAGE; VIOLENCE; VICTIMS; Criminology & Penology
Despite much research and policy development, it remains true that less than one half of all reported sexual assaults are cleared by arrest (Federal Bureau of Investigation [FBI], 2011). Compounding this issue, many sexual assaults are not cleared by an arrest, but rather by being classified as "unfounded" by law enforcement (Soulliere, 1994, 2005; Tellis & Spohn, 2008). Grounded in the social disorganization perspective, this article examines the relationships between case-related and extralegal community-level characteristics and use of the designation of unfounded by the police. Contrary to initial expectations, findings show that communities with higher levels of concentrated disadvantage, immigrant concentration, and residential instability are less likely to have sexual assaults deemed unfounded by law enforcement.
Violence and Victims
"Social Disorganization and Unfounded Sexual Assault Case Clearances" (2013). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 4446.