Coherent random walks in free space
Abbreviated Journal Title
QUANTUM RANDOM-WALKS; DIFFRACTION DYNAMICS; ALGORITHMS; Optics
Two-dimensional continuous time quantum random walks (CTQRW) are physical processes where quantum particles simultaneously evolve in different permissible directions within discrete graphs. In order to force the quantum walkers (QWs) to evolve in such a fashion, one generally requires periodic potentials. Here, we demonstrate that two-dimensional CTQRW can be generated in free space by properly tailoring the initial wave functions. We analytically show that within a certain spatial region the arising probability distribution quantitatively resembles the probability pattern exhibited by a QW traversing a periodic lattice potential. These theoretical predictions were experimentally verified using classical laser light, appropriately shaped by a spatial light modulator. Expanding the presented results to the case of multiple walkers may open new possibilities in quantum information technology using bulk optics. (C) 2014 Optical Society of America
"Coherent random walks in free space" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5295.