Chemical Differentiation of Osseous, Dental, and Non-skeletal Materials in Forensic Anthropology using Elemental Analysis
Abbreviated Journal Title
Compos. Pt. B-Eng.
Forensic anthropology; Chemical differentiation; Elemental analysis; Osseous and non-osseous materials; INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROSCOPY; X-RAY-FLUORESCENCE; TRACE-ELEMENTS; MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES; CHEMOMETRIC METHODS; RAMAN-SPECTROSCOPY; BONE-COMPOSITION; ANCIENT BONE; ALBUMIN; DNA; Medicine, Legal; Pathology
Forensic anthropologists are generally able to identify skeletal materials (bone and tooth) using gross anatomical features; however, highly fragmented or taphonomically altered materials may be problematic to identify. Several chemical analysis techniques have been shown to be reliable laboratory methods that can be used to determine if questionable fragments are osseous, dental, or non-skeletal in nature. The purpose of this review is to provide a detailed background of chemical analysis techniques focusing on elemental compositions that have been assessed for use in differentiating osseous, dental, and non-skeletal materials. More recently, chemical analysis studies have also focused on using the elemental composition of osseous/dental materials to evaluate species and provide individual discrimination, but have generally been successful only in small, closed groups, limiting their use forensically. Despite significant advances incorporating a variety of instruments, including handheld devices, further research is necessary to address issues in standardization, error rates, and sample size/diversity. (C) 2014 Forensic Science Society. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
H. A. Zimmerman; C. J. Meizel-Lambert; J. J. Schultz;M. E. Sigman
"Chemical Differentiation of Osseous, Dental, and Non-skeletal Materials in Forensic Anthropology using Elemental Analysis" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5678.