Asteroid (90) Antiope: Another icy member of the Themis family?
Abbreviated Journal Title
Asteroids; Asteroids, surfaces; Asteroids, composition; Infrared; observations; Ices, IR spectroscopy; SPITZER-SPACE-TELESCOPE; MAIN BELT ASTEROIDS; SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEY; VISIBLE SPECTROSCOPY; WATER-ICE; 65 CYBELE; SPECTROGRAPH; ORGANICS; SPECTRA; SURFACE; Astronomy & Astrophysics
Many members of the Themis family show evidence of hydration in the form of oxidized iron in phyllosilicates (Florczak, M. et al. . Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 134, 463-471), and OH-bearing minerals (Takir, D., Emery, J.P. . Icarus 219, 641-654). The largest member, (24) Themis, has H2O ice covering its surface (Campins, H. et al. . Nature 464, 1320-1321; Rivkin, A.S., Emery, J.P. . Nature 464, 1322-1323). We have investigated the second largest Themis-family asteroid, (90) Antiope, which Castillo-Rogez and Schmidt (Castillo-Rogez, J.C., Schmidt, B.E. . Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L10202) predict to have a composition that includes water ice and organics. We obtained 2-4-mu m spectroscopy of (90) Antiope in 2006 and 2008, and we find an absorption in the 3-mu m region clearly present in our 2008 spectrum and likely in our 2006 spectrum. Both spectra have rounded, bowl-shaped absorptions consistent with those ascribed to water ice as in the spectrum of Asteroid (24) Themis. We also present and compare Spitzer 8-12-mu m mid-infrared spectra of (24) Themis and (90) Antiope. We find that (90) Antiope is lacking a "fairy castle" dusty surface, which is in contrast to (24) Themis, other Themis family members (Licandro, J. et al. . Astron. Astrophys. 537, A73), and Jupiter Trojans (e.g. Emery, J.P., Cruikshank, D.P., Van Cleve, J. . Icarus 182, 496-512). We conclude that the surface structure of (90) Antiope is most similar to Cybele Asteroid (121) Hermione (Hargrove, K.D. et al. . Icarus 221, 453-455). (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
"Asteroid (90) Antiope: Another icy member of the Themis family?" (2015). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 6565.