Transition phenomena and velocity distribution in constant-deceleration pipe flow
Abbreviated Journal Title
Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci.
Unsteady flow; Pipe flow; Constant-deceleration flow; Turbulence; transition; TURBULENCE; IDENTIFICATION; LAMINAR; REST; Thermodynamics; Engineering, Mechanical; Physics, Fluids & Plasmas
The critical Reynolds number for transition to turbulence in a constant-acceleration pipe flow is well known to be significantly higher than the value for steady pipe flow. This is a consequence of the significant suppression of amplification of disturbances entering the pipe by the acceleration in spite of the increase of inertial force due to increase in instantaneous Reynolds number. In contrast, relatively little is known of the transition phenomena in a constant-deceleration pipe flow. Such a flow system is investigated by an experimental method in which the cross-sectional mean velocity is initially kept constant and subsequently decreased linearly to zero. The characteristics of the transition phenomena will be determined by two factors deceleration and viscosity. Deceleration will amplify the disturbances, while a decrease in the instantaneous Reynolds number is expected to suppress the amplification of the disturbances due to viscosity. The study uses hot-wire experiments to clarify which of the two effects predominates in constant-deceleration pipe flow. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science
"Transition phenomena and velocity distribution in constant-deceleration pipe flow" (2015). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 6782.