Abbreviated Journal Title
Phys. Rev. B
Persistent Currents; Mesoscopic Rings; Conductance; Transport; Physics; Condensed Matter
We consider an ideal mesoscopic cylinder in which a steady azimuthal current is generated. We show that the closed interacting-electron system in the presence of the current is described by a density matrix which is that of an equilibrium system without current but with a constrained Hamiltonian.
Physical Review B
Heinonen, O. and Johnson, M. D., "Density-Matrix For An Ideal Driven Current Cylinder" (1994). Faculty Bibliography 1990s. 1062.