Analysis of driver injury severity levels at multiple locations using ordered probit models
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Saf. Res.
injury severity; signalized intersections; toll plazas; roadway; sections; ordered probit; ACCIDENT SEVERITY; Ergonomics; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; Social; Sciences, Interdisciplinary; Transportation
Problem: The occurrence and outcome of traffic crashes have long been recognized as complex events involving interactions between many factors, including the roadway, driver, traffic characteristics, and the environment. This study is concerned with the outcome of the crash. Method: Driver injury severity levels are analyzed using the ordered probit modeling methodology. Models were developed for roadway sections, signalized intersections, and toll plazas in Central Florida. All models showed the significance of driver's age, gender, seat belt use, point of impact, speed, and vehicle type on the injury severity level. Other variables were found significant only in specific cases. Results: A driver's violation was significant in the case of signalized intersections. Alcohol, lighting conditions, and the existence of a horizontal curve affected the likelihood of injuries in the roadway sections' model. A variable specific to toll plazas, vehicles equipped with Electronic Toll Collection (ETC), had a positive effect on the probability of higher injury severity at toll plazas. Other variables that entered into some of the models were weather condition, area type, and some interaction factors. This study illustrates the similarities and the differences in the factors that affect injury severity between different locations. (C) 2003 National Safety Council and Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Journal of Safety Research
"Analysis of driver injury severity levels at multiple locations using ordered probit models" (2003). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 3577.