Non-premixed acoustically perturbed swirling flame dynamics



U. Idahosa; A. Saha; C. Y. Xu;S. Basu


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Abbreviated Journal Title

Combust. Flame


Swirl stabilized flames; Non-premixed flames; Rayleigh criterion; Forced; flame response; Wavelet analysis; Acoustic flame perturbation; COMBUSTION INSTABILITY ANALYSIS; THERMOACOUSTIC INSTABILITIES; RAYLEIGH; CRITERION; AIR FLAMES; OSCILLATIONS; MODEL; IMPEDANCE; BURNERS; Thermodynamics; Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Multidisciplinary; Engineering, Chemical; Engineering, Mechanical


An investigation into the response of non-premixed swirling flames to acoustic perturbations at various frequencies (f(p) = 0-315 Hz) and swirl intensities (S = 0.09 and 0.34) is carried out. Perturbations are generated using a loudspeaker at the base of an atmospheric co-flow burner with resulting velocity oscillation amplitudes vertical bar u'/U(avg)vertical bar in the 0.03-0.30 range. The dependence of flame dynamics on the relative richness of the flame is investigated by studying various constant fuel flow rate flame configurations. Flame heat release rate is quantitatively measured using a photomultiplier with a 430 nm bandpass filter for observing CH* chemiluminescence which is simultaneously imaged with a phase-locked CCD camera. The flame response is observed to exhibit a low-pass filter characteristic with minimal flame response beyond pulsing frequencies of 200 Hz. Flames at lower fuel flow rates are observed to remain attached to the central fuel pipe at all acoustic pulsing frequencies. PIV imaging of the associated isothermal fields show the amplification in flame aspect ratio is caused by the narrowing of the inner recirculation zone (IRZ). Good correlation is observed between the estimated flame surface area and the heat release rate signature at higher swirl intensity flame configurations. A flame response index analogous to the Rayleigh criterion in non-forced flames is used to assess the potential for a strong flame response at specific perturbation configurations and is found to be a good predictor of highly responsive modes. Phase conditioned analysis of the flame dynamics yield additional criteria in highly responsive modes to include the effective amplitude of velocity oscillations induced by the acoustic pulsing. In addition, highly responsive modes were characterized by velocity to heat release rate phase differences in the +/-pi/2 range. A final observed characteristic in highly responsive flames is a Strouhal number between 1 and 3.5 based on the burner co-flow annulus diameter (St = fpU(avg)/d(m)). Finally, wavelet analyses of heat release rate perturbations indicate highly responsive modes are characterized by sustained low frequency oscillations which accompany the high amplitude velocity perturbations at these modes. Higher intensity low frequency heat release rate oscillations are observed for lean flame/low pulsing frequency conditions. (C) 2010 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Journal Title

Combustion and Flame





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