The Prosocial and Aggressive Driving Inventory (PADI): A self-report measure of safe and unsafe driving behaviors
Abbreviated Journal Title
Accid. Anal. Prev.
Aggressive driving; Prosocial driving; Driver safety; Five Factor Model; ACCIDENT INVOLVEMENT; SENSATION SEEKING; DRIVER BEHAVIOR; 5-FACTOR; MODEL; PERSONALITY; ANGER; VIOLATIONS; SCALE; AGE; CONSCIENTIOUSNESS; Ergonomics; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; Social; Sciences, Interdisciplinary; Transportation
Surveys of 1217 undergraduate students supported the reliability (inter-item and test retest) and validity of the Prosocial and Aggressive Driving Inventory (PADI). Principal component analyses on the PADI items yielded two scales: Prosocial Driving (17 items) and Aggressive Driving (12 items). Prosocial Driving was associated with fewer reported traffic accidents and violations, with participants who were older and female, and with lower Boredom Susceptibility and Hostility scores, and higher scores on Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Openness, and Neuroticism. Aggressive Driving was associated with more frequent traffic violations, with female participants, and with higher scores on Competitiveness, Sensation Seeking, Hostility, and Extraversion, and lower scores on Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, and Openness. The theoretical and practical implications of the PADI's dual focus on safe and unsafe driving are discussed. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Accident Analysis and Prevention
"The Prosocial and Aggressive Driving Inventory (PADI): A self-report measure of safe and unsafe driving behaviors" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5424.