Z. Q. Jin; J. Liang; J. Wang;P. E. Kolattukudy


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Abbreviated Journal Title

J. Neuroinflamm.


Ischemic stroke; Minocycline; Monocyte chemotactic protein-induced; protein 1 (MCPIP1); Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO); Proinflammatory cytokines; ISCHEMIC BRAIN-DAMAGE; EXPERIMENTAL STROKE; ACTIVATION; EXPRESSION; PROTECTS; INFLAMMATION; CYTOKINES; DYSFUNCTION; IMPAIRMENT; MECHANISMS; Immunology; Neurosciences


Background: Minocycline, a broad-spectrum tetracycline antibiotic, has shown anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects in ischemic brain injury. The present study seeks to determine whether monocyte chemotactic protein-induced protein 1 (MCPIP1), a recently identified modulator of inflammatory reactions, is involved in the cerebral neuroprotection conferred by minocycline treatment in the animal model of focal cerebral ischemia and to elucidate the mechanisms of minocycline-induced ischemic brain tolerance. Methods: Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 h in male C57BL/6 mice and MCPIP1 knockout mice followed by 24-or 48-h reperfusion. Twelve hours before ischemia or 2 h after MCAO, mice were injected intraperitoneally with 90 mg/kg of minocycline hydrochloride. Thereafter, the animals were injected twice a day, at a dose of 90 mg/kg after ischemia until sacrificed. Transcription and expression of MCPIP1 gene was monitored by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), Western blot, and immunohistochemistry. The neurobehavioral scores, infarction volumes, and proinflammatory cytokines in brain and NF-.B signaling were evaluated after ischemia/reperfusion. Results: MCPIP1 protein and mRNA levels significantly increased in mouse brain undergoing minocycline pretreatment. Minocycline treatment significantly attenuated the infarct volume, neurological deficits, and upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines in the brain of wild type mice after MCAO. MCPIP1-deficient mice failed to evoke minocycline-treatment-induced tolerance compared with that of the control MCPIP1-deficient group without minocycline treatment. Similarly, in vitro data showed that minocycline significantly induced the expression of MCPIP1 in primary neuron-glial cells, cortical neurons, and reduced oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced cell death. The absence of MCPIP1 blocked minocycline-induced protection on neuron-glial cells and cortical neurons treated with OGD. Conclusions: Our in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrate that MCPIP1 is an important mediator of minocyclineinduced protection from brain ischemia.

Journal Title

Journal of Neuroinflammation



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