John W. Griffin


There was a time when archaeology was conceived of as the collection of relics and history was thought of as the study of names and dates. The two disciplines seemed far apart. Yet history and archaeology are very closely related. Both are concerned with “history” in the broader sense. Both study and seek to interpret unique events placed in time and space. The major difference lies in the techniques used. History gains most of its information through written documents, archaeology for the most part deals with times and groups which have no written records of their own, and is forced to rely upon material remains. This is the distinction between history and pre-history, and is essentially a difference in the materials available and the techniques for dealing with them. The meeting of the two disciplines is to be seen most clearly in periods to which both approaches may be applied. The three hundred and more years of white and Indian contact in Florida should provide such a case.