Prior to 1812 the Spanish monarch did not see fit to grant Pensacola the right to organize as a municipality; consequently, the West Florida capital was governed up to that year by military commandants whose authority was untrammeled by elective officers. With the inauguration of the Constitution of 1812, however, it became necessary to allow the organization of municipal government there, since the charter in question provided such government for all towns and communities having one thousand or more free inhabitants, or whose special conditions necessitated local government. Therefore, Pensacola’s municipal government, consisting of an alcalde, or mayor, and a city council was set up. It functioned until Ferdinand VII abrogated the constitution in 1814.
Corbitt, Duvon C.
"The Last Spanish Census of Pensacola,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 24:
1, Article 6.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol24/iss1/6