In the early days of the territorial period, politics in Florida were largely of a personal nature as certain men of wealth and education became the natural leaders of the political life on the frontier. When Florida became a United States territory there was nominally only one political party, and political lines nationally were in a state of flux. Consequently, while the settlers of Florida usually came with definite political ideas, they were not tied to a party nor did they bring readymade ideas of party with them.
Doherty, Jr., Herbert J.
"Political Factions in Territorial Florida,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 28
, Article 5.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol28/iss2/5