Julia Hering


The area of cotton culture in Florida during the ante-bellum period was located mainly between the Apalachicola and Suwannee rivers, and in 1840 comprised the counties of Leon, Madison, Jefferson, Hamilton and Gadsden. It is significant that this area constituted then more or less an island in northern Florida whose economy, social structure, and soil type differed from that in the remainder of the state. In this comparatively small and isolated region there came into being, between 1830 and 1840, a cotton economy which compared favorably with that of the Georgia Piedmont or the Black Belt of Alabama. The emphasis in this paper will be upon only one county in this island of cotton culture - Leon.