During the War for Southern Independence, Jacksonville was occupied by Federal forces several times for varying periods. On October 5, 1862, the town was seized for the second time, having just been abandoned hurriedly by most of the inhabitants who had not already left their homes earlier in the war.
Chamberlain, Valentine B.
"“Southern Rights” and Yankee Humor: A Confederate-Federal Jacksonville newspaper,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 34
, Article 5.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol34/iss1/5