W. S. Murphy


The capture of Pensacola by Bernardo de Galvez, in May, 1781, five months before the British surrender at Yorktown constituted the only exciting military exploit of Spain during the American Revolution. It was an interesting Spanish contribution to the fortunate outcome of the war. The Spanish victory in Pensacola required the services of 6,500 Spanish troops, a sizeable Spanish naval ancillary, and the aid of 725 French soldiers with their own ships. This force included a substantial representation from the Irish Brigade of Spain, one of the most celebrated corps of the Spanish army. This article will sketch the unfolding action at Pensacola and tell, in somewhat greater detail, of the effort of the Spanish-Irish troops there.