The manufacturing impulse in the South appeared as early as 1790 when primitive cotton factories were established in Kentucky and South Carolina. In Virginia an association to promote manufactures was launched at Richmond in 1786. This early interest in development of cotton manufactories was not comparable, however, to that which set off the cotton growing craze after the invention of the cotton gin.
Griffin, Richard W.
"The Cotton Mill Campaign in Florida, 1828-1863,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 40
, Article 5.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol40/iss3/5