In Grant Foreman's outstanding book Indian Removal, the classic account of the Five Civilized Tribes’ movement from the southeastern United States into Indian Territory, the author introduces the Seminole section with the following words: "In the dishonorable record of our dealings with the Indians there is perhaps no blacker chapter than that relating to the Seminole people." l Certainly when we think of the Seminoles we recall broken treaties, dogs tracking Indians through the swamps and the capture of Osceola while protected by a flag of truce. One rather shady phase of the Seminole removal which has been somewhat neglected by the historians is the story of the Seminole group in northwestern Florida which was known as the Apalachicola band.
Covington, James W.
"Federal Relations with the Apalachicola Indians, 1823-1838,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 42:
2, Article 4.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol42/iss2/4