Research into the status of Pensacola’s blacks during the progressive era uncovers an interesting sidelight into the history of the city’s Creole population. It is a glimpse into the decline of a once-proud tradition. It is also indicative of the Creole’s ambivalent posture as they were forced by increasing turn-of-the-century racist pressures to declare their allegiance to, or to throw in their lot with, the black or white race. In being forced to “declare” meant for many of the Creoles a loss of their separate identity.
Bragaw, Donald H.
"Loss of Identity on Pensacola's Past: A Creole Footnote,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 50:
4, Article 7.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol50/iss4/7