Gary E. Moulton


The Second Seminole War had its origins in removal agreements concluded between the Florida tribe and the United States government in 1832 and 1833. What had been accepted by a few Indian chiefs had not won the approval of the majority of the Seminoles who wanted to remain in their native lands. Attempts at forced emigration simply broadened scattered hostilities to become a major war by late 1835. The war was a tragic conflict that cost nearly $40,000,000 and countless lives of soldiers, civilians, and Indians. The administration of President Martin Van Buren was eager to find a way out of the Everglades entanglement, and was willing even to turn to private emissaries and Indian allies.