During the Civil War, military units North and South had their newspaper contingents in camp and field— war correspondents living out of saddlebags stuffed with pencils and notebooks, artists with sketch pads, and photographers working out of wagons jammed with the apparatus of their craft. Although southern newspapers were restricted by shortages of newsprint and men, northern journals prospered, publishing prolifically every shade of drama and every degree of tragedy the conflict offered. In fact, as Allan Nevins has observed, Civil War correspondents enjoyed such a virtual monopoly on the news “they were able to write with greater fullness and thoroughness than their successors in the two World Wars.” Nevins also made the point that despite the voluminous record they compiled, the work of America’s Civil War correspondents was largely ignored in the memoirs of contemporary military leaders, and continued to be neglected by the nation’s historians for almost a century.
Martin, Richard A.
"The New York Times Views Civil War Jacksonville,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 53:
4, Article 4.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol53/iss4/4