Maury Baker


There are four contemporary versions, three Spanish and one English, of the events leading to the Spanish capture of English-held Pensacola, May 8, 1781. A long line of scholars have written about it, using archival sources in Spain and England. The last of them, N. Orwin Rush, in his incisive and valuable monograph, Spain’s Final Triumph Over Great Britain in the Gulf of Mexico: The Battle of Pensacola, March 9 to May 8, 1781, relied heavily upon the diary of Bernardo de Galvez, which was believed to be available only in its printed version.