The outcome of the American Revolution left the Creek confederacy in a perilous state. Most Creeks had sided with the British and were dismayed when they learned in 1783 that Britain had bought peace largely at their expense. Alexander McGillivray, the half-breed Creek, spoke for his people when he conveyed their anger to British authorities at finding their “country betrayed . . . and divided between the Spaniards and Americans.“
Watson, Thomas D.
"Strivings for Sovereignty: Alexander Mcgillivray, Creek Warfare, and Diplomacy, 1783-1790,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 58:
4, Article 5.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol58/iss4/5