Madison, Florida, in the 1950s was a quiet, pretty town of approximately 3,000. The courthouse square which dominates the downtown area was surrounded by stores and was lined with Sabal palms. To the north and across the street from the courthouse there is a small city park with the “Four Freedoms” monument, built in memory of Army Air Corps Captain Colin P. Kelly, a World War II hero. Pleasant homes dot the oakshaded streets leading from the square. Madison is and was a typical southern town. During the 1950s and the 1960s, racial and social constraints were rigid in the community. Blacks lived in restricted areas of the town and schools were segregated. There was virtually no social contact between the white and black communities.
"The "Coggins Affair": Desegregation and Mores in Madison County, Florida,"
Florida Historical Quarterly: Vol. 59:
4, Article 6.
Available at: https://stars.library.ucf.edu/fhq/vol59/iss4/6